Turkish Journal of
Cardiovascular Nursing
Original Article

Examination of Psychological Resilience Levels and Related Factors of Coronary Heart Patients

1.

Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

2.

Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, İstinye Üniversitesi, Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2022; 13: 149-158
DOI: 10.5543/khd.2022.221098
Read: 359 Downloads: 49 Published: 22 December 2022

Objective: This study was conducted to examine the psychological resilience levels and related factors of coronary heart patients.

Methods: The descriptive study was conducted on 129 patients in the cardiology clinics of a state hospital in Istanbul. Data were collected by means of the Individual Characteristics Form, Disease Characteristics Form, and the Brief Psychological Resilience Scale. Kolmogorov– Smirnov test was used to determine the normality distribution of the data. T-test, analysis of variance, and Scheffe test were used for the evaluation of the data. The statistical significance level was determined as P < .05.

Results: The resilience levels of the participants were moderate (x¯: 15.47 ± 5.20), and the resilience levels of men (x¯ = 16.40) were found to be higher than women (x¯ = 12.66) (P = .001). The level of psychological resilience of the “illiterate” group with educational status was found to be lower than the group with “primary education, high school, university, and higher” educational status (P = .016). The psychological resilience levels of the group not participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs were found to be higher than the participating group (P = .007). The psychological resilience levels of the group without a previous history of heart attack were found to be higher than the group with a history of heart attack (P = .035). The psychological resilience level of the group with “never” angina (chest pain) frequency was found to be higher than the group with angina frequency “once a day and once a week” (P = .024).

Conclusion: Psychological resilience has an important place in coronary heart patients in terms of disease prognosis and course of treatment. Therefore, in the early stages, it is recommended that women, illiterate people, and groups with a history of heart attack and angina should be given interventions to protect and improve their psychological resilience levels.

Cite this article as: Demirci Ö, Üstün B. Koroner kalp hastalarının psikolojik dayanıklılık Düzeyleri ve İlişkili faktörlerin İncelenmesi. Turk J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022;13(32):149-158.

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EISSN 2149-4975