Turkish Journal of
Cardiovascular Nursing
Original Article

Factors Affecting Participation in the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program


İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2022; 13: 140-148
DOI: 10.5543/khd.2022.220893
Read: 334 Downloads: 44 Published: 22 December 2022

Objective: This study was conducted to examine the factors affecting the participation of cardiac patients in the cardiac rehabilitation program.  

Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 419 patients who were admitted to the cardiology outpatient clinic and hospitalized in the cardiology inpatient clinic. Research data were collected through face-to-face interviews with the Patient Information Form, the Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale.  

Results: The mean Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale total score of the patients was 63.54 ± 8.53, extrinsic factors in patients' access sub-dimension mean score was 19.42 ± 3.36, problems with cardiac rehabilitation information sub-dimension mean score was 15.48 ± 2.9, logistical problems sub-dimension mean score was 11.16 ± 2.91, perceived cardiac rehabilitation need sub-dimension score average was 14.79 ± 2.8, and mean score of other health problems sub-dimension was found to be 2.7 ± 1.22. Having a family history of heart disease has a negative effect on CRES; It has been determined that those with a history of hospitalization, those who receive support in daily life, those who are illiterate, and those who are retired have a positive and significant effect on Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale.  

Conclusion: The patients' perception of cardiac rehabilitation barriers was found to be moderate. Transportation problems and the belief that cardiac rehabilitation is not necessary prevented participation in cardiac rehabilitation. While having heart disease in the family positively affects participation in cardiac rehabilitation, low education level, addiction status, and hospitalization history negatively affect it.  

Cite this article as: Parmaksız J, Özer Z. Kardiyak rehabilitasyon programına katılımı etkileyen faktörler. Turk J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022;13(32):140-148.

EISSN 2149-4975