Turkish Journal of
Cardiovascular Nursing
Original Article

The Relationship Between Symptom Status and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

1.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul Kültür University, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Cardiology, Health Sciences University Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2022; 13: 173-179
DOI: 10.5543/khd.2022.2225123
Read: 345 Downloads: 48 Published: 22 December 2022

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between symptom status and health-related quality of life in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Methods: This was a descriptive study, and 31 outpatient pulmonary arterial hypertension patients were enrolled. The “Data Gathering Form,” the “Symptom Status Questionnaire-Heart Failure,” and the “Short-Form Health Survey” were used to collect research data.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 47.4 ± 15.3 years and 51.6% of them were female. The majority of the patients were in World Health Organization functional class II and not working (80.6%). The most common symptoms experienced by the patients were “fatigue or lack of energy” (96.8%) and “shortness of breath during the daytime” (80.6%). The mean total Symptom Status Questionnaire-Heart Failure score was significantly lower in the working group compared to the non-working group (P < .001). Except for the “general health” and “social functioning” of the SF-36 sub-dimensions, there were significant differences between the high and low Symptom Status Questionnaire-Heart Failure groups in all other sub-dimensions (P < .05). There was a weak negative correlation between the “general health” sub-dimension of Short-Form Health Survey and Symptom Status Questionnaire- Heart Failure. All other sub-dimensions of Short-Form Health Survey had moderate negative correlations with Symptom Status Questionnaire-Heart Failure.

Conclusion: It was found that there was a negative correlation between the symptom status of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension and health-related quality of life regular evaluation of patients’ symptom status, and health-related quality of life is recommended to provide comprehensive care and improve long-term quality of life.

Cite this article as: Türen S, Memiç Sancar K, Türen S. The relationship between symptom status and health-related quality of life in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Turk J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022;13(32):173-179.

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EISSN 2149-4975